Frequently Asked Questions

Where can Conforma Clad wear protection be applied?

Conforma Clad can be applied to virtually all steels, including wrought and cast.  Certain cast irons can also be clad. It’s important to note that the substrate must be permeable by a nickel-based braze alloy.

If you’re not sure, let us know. You can submit a material sample for process testing.

What type of materials can’t be clad?

Materials with melting points below 2000°F (aluminum, bronze, plastics).

Materials NOT permeable by a nickel-based braze alloy (titanium, glass, graphite, ceramics).

Materials containing volatile constituents that will vaporize at 2000°F (lead, sulfides, phosphorous, tin, zinc, nitrogen). Additional steps may be needed to apply cladding.

If you’re not sure, let us know. You can submit a material sample for process testing.

What operating temps and conditions should be avoided?

Environments that expose cladding to temperatures above 1200°F to 1800°F should be avoided.

How thick is the cladding?
Standard cladding thickness ranges from 0.020 to 0.125 inches.

How is cladding applied?

Most cladding is applied by hand. Mechanical aids (i.e. application rod) may be used when there is not sufficient hand access. Chamfers and radii as small as 1/8” can be clad.

Once cladding is applied, the Conforma Clad process brazes components to temperatures around 2000°F.

Are there size or weight limitations?

Maximum size for furnace brazing is 144”L X 50”W X 44”H, with a maximum weight of 6,000 lbs.
Size limitations do NOT determine application compatibility. Larger components can be brazed in external furnaces, and solutions can be engineered for nearly any size. Our wear experts are available to discuss options with you.

Will there be distortion tolerance?

Because the cladding process produces a bimetallic structure, some substrate distortion is hard to avoid. Parts requiring machined tolerances should be submitted for cladding in a blank or semi-finished state, not finish ground or machined.

How do I prep my material for cladding?

Our normal processing includes procedures to remove surface contaminants. Painted parts, parts with heavy grease, and parts covered with field service debris will be cleaned or stripped before processing.

However, the material to be clad cannot contain volatile constituents that will vaporize at brazing temperatures. This includes materials like lead, sulfides, phosphorous, tin, zinc and nitrogen. Additional steps (pre-braze burn off) may be required.

Is Conforma Clad compatible with materials containing welds?

Conforma Clad is compatible with low-carbon steel weld materials. Pre-braze burn off is required to remove trapped gases and oxides. Despite this precaution, cladding defects may occur over welds.